CPR is a life-saving technique that everyone should know how to do. Even pets can be saved using CPR when it's done correctly. If you've never taken a CPR training class, adults, children and animals all have different requirements that you should be aware of. Here is a quick guide to help you perform CPR safely and possibly help save a life.
This CPR technique can be performed on adults and children over the age of nine. First, lay the person on their back and kneel beside them near their neck and shoulder area. Place the heel of one of your hands directly onto the center of their chest. Then, place your other hand over the first hand lace your fingers together. Leaving your elbows straight, align your shoulders so they're directly over your hands. Begin chest compressions, using as much force as possible and doing this repeatedly at least one hundred times per minute. Use steady motions and let the chest rise between each compression.
Small Children And Infants
Little ones need different care when it comes to CPR. First, you will need to tilt the head back and lift the victim's chin to help open their airway. Check for breathing and if you cannot feel any, pinch their nose shut and make a complete seal over the mouth area for children, and a seal over the mouth and nose for infants. Blow into the mouth and nose area with your mouth for one second and see if their chest rises. Repeat this process once and then perform approximately thirty chest compressions. For children, you'll need to push down about two inches deep using either one or both hands. For infants, push down about one and a half inches deep and push using two or three fingers. Repeat this process three to four times.
Even our furry friends can benefit from CPR in an emergency situation. For small dogs, wrap your hand around their sternum and chest and use one hand to give thirty chest compressions for about one hundred times per minute. Give a mouth-to-snout rescue breath in between each set of compressions. For medium sized animals, you'll need to lay them on their side and use the two-handed technique as you place your hands over the widest area of their chest. For thinner animals like greyhounds, use the same technique and be sure to perform the compressions directly over the animal's heart. For barrel-chested dogs like bulldogs, lay the animal on their back and use the same CPR process you'd use for adult humans.
Understanding how to perform CPR correctly can save the life of an adult, child, and even a pet in a time of emergency. It's important to be aware that there is no substitute for an official CPR training course, so be sure to attend one if you want to learn the procedure thoroughly.